RESOURCES

Here is a collection of documents and resources about the issues facing us:

Here is the October 13, 2016 decision from EPA Regional Counsel Dierker on GE’s first appeal of the EPA Remedy for the Rest of River. The battle now shifts to EPA’s Environmental Appeals Board in Washington DC.
328126841-GE-Housatonic-Dispute-Resolution-Final-Decision

EPA’s Intended Final Decision and Selection of CERCLA Response Action:
EPA FINAL DECISION REST RIVER 582991

EPA Map of the Primary Study Area of the Rest of River:
Fig2PrimaryStudyAreaRofR

EPA Estimated Timeline and the Response Actions:
Fig6EstimatedTimelineRofR

The United States Environmental Protection Agency’s “Statement of Basis for EPA’s Proposed Remedial Action for the Housatonic “Rest of River” – their rationale for their decisions about what to clean and what to do with the contaminated river sediment and riverbank soil:
EPA 6-2014 BASIS REST OF RIVER PLAN

GE’s statement of “Dispute of EPA’s Intended Final Decision Selecting Rest of River Remedy Submission of GE’s Statement of Position”
GE DISPUTE REST RIVER STATEMENT 586218

EPA’s February 29, 2016 statement in response to GE’s Dispute of the Rest of River Remedy
EPA response GE February 29, 2016

GE’s 3 proposed dumps for Berkshire County:
GE’S PROPOSED DUMPS 2

GE’s proposed dump for Housatonic:
GE’S PROPOSED DUMPS 5

GE’s proposed dump for Woods Pond, Lenox
GE’S PROPOSED DUMPS WOODS POND

GE’s proposed dump for Forest Street, Lee
GE’S PROPOSED DUMP FOREST ST

Mickey Friedman’s “Rise Up For Rising”:
RiseUpforRising

BEAT’s Timeline for the Rest of River Process:
RestofRiverCleanup-TimelinePastPresentFuture

Health Effects

Dr. David O. Carpenter, Institute for Health and the Environment, University of Albany, “Health Effects of Residence Near to Hazardous Waste Sites Containing PCBs,” June 2016, PowerPoint Presentation:
DavidCarpenterGB

A basic primer on the health effects of PCBs prepared by Lois Gibb’s Center for Health, Environment and Justice:
CHEJ HealthEffects

The United States Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) PCB ToxFAQs:
ATSDR PCBs 2014

A more technical discussion of PCBs from the World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO PCBs AQG2ndEd_5_10PCBs

Vincent James Cogliano, EPA, “Assessing the Cancer Risk from Environmental PCBs”:
JimCogliano98PCBs

Nancy Bettinger, DEP, “Do Waste Site Risk AssessmentsAdequately Address Endocrine Disruption Effects?” 2008:
DEPBettingerEndocrineEffects

Laura N. Vandenberg, Theo Colburn et al, “Hormones and Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: Low-Dose Effects and Nonmonotonic Dose Responses, 2012, Endocrine Reviews:
Hormones and EndocDisrupt Vandenberg

John D. Meeker, “Exposure to Environmental Endocrine Disruptors and Child Development.”
EXPEED&ChildDev2013

A Short History

The Housatonic River Initiative (HRI) history of GE’s use of PCBs and the struggle to force a cleanup of PCBs throughout Pittsfield and the Housatonic River: THE ABCs of PCBs
THE ABCs of PCBs

The Housatonic River Initiative’s Motion to Intervene opposing the 2000 Consent Decree between EPA and GE, an agreement that governed the cleanup of the first two miles of the Housatonic, set up the process for the Rest of River cleanup and allowed GE to dump PCB-contaminated waste in two landfills across from the Allendale Elementary School in Pittsfield:
HRI MOTION TO INTERVENE 2:2000

The Rest of River

GE’s is disputing EPA’s proposed cleanup plan for the Housatonic River “Rest of River.” They are challenging EPA’s goal to clean up 990,000 cubic yards and 46,970 pounds of PCBs. They argue that removing 267,700 cy and 13,900 pounds of PCBs will adequately protect the public health and the environment. And they are challenging EPA’s decision to ship contaminated river sediment and riverbank soil to an out-of-state disposal facility rather than allow GE to build a PCB-dump in either Lenox, Lee, or Housatonic. It is likely they will appeal this decision to EPA’s Environmental Appeals Board (EAB). The Housatonic River Initiative will also be challenging EPA’s Remedy to the EAB on the grounds that the cleanup fails to remove the maximum quantity of PCB-contamination necessary to protect humans and the wildlife and the environment. It allows GE to rely on the unproven Monitored Natural Recovery, leaving PCB-contaminated sediment in the river and banks. And it relies on landfilling PCB-contaminated soils and sediments rather than employing state-of-the-art alternative remediation technologies which destroy PCBs. Here is a handbook that describes the role of the EAB:
EABCitizensGuide2013

The EPA’s National Remedy Review Board’s October 20, 2011 final response to Region One’s initial cleanup plan:
NRRB 10:20:11 519404

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts informs the EPA that “the Commonwealth has
concluded that none of the current combinations of alternatives achieve the remediation goals without causing irreparable harm to this unique, diverse and vital ecosystem …” – “The Commonwealth of Massachusetts’ summary of its position on the proper remedial approach
for the General Electric-Housatonic River Site/Rest of River project,” July 23, 2011:
MASS COMMENTS NRRB 2011

HRI Comments to the EPA Remedy Review Board contesting GE’s and the Commonwealth’s position that cleaning the Housatonic River will destroy it:
HRICommentsNRRBoard62011

Mickey Friedman’s analysis of the dispute between the EPA and GE and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, “The PCB Wars,”
ThePCBWars

EPA’s Human Health Risk Assessment for Housatonic River “Rest of River,” 2-2005, Executive Summary:
EPAHHRA2005EXECSUMM

HRI’s Comments Regarding EPA’s Human Health Risk Assessment for “Rest of River” April 2005:
HRICommentsEPAHHRA2005

EPA’s Ecological Risk Assessment for Housatonic River “Rest of River,” 11-2004, Executive Summary:
EPAECORISKRestRiver11122004ExecSumm

HRI’s Comments Regarding EPA’s Ecological Risk Assessment for the “Rest of River”:
HRICOMMENTSEco-Risk2005

EPA’s Ecological Characterization of the Housatonic River, September 2002:
EPAEcoCharHR2002

GE’s Corrective Measures Study for the Housatonic River “Rest of River” – Executive Summary
GE CMS EXEC SUMMARY

HRI Comments on GE’s Corrective Measures Study:
HRICommentsCMS11911

Some of the issues regarding landfills:

“Health Effects of Residence Near Hazardous Waste Landfill Sites: A Review of Epidemiologic Literature” Martine Vrijheid
EPA health effects hazardous waste landfill_sites_3v

The warranty for Poly-Flex liners:
Poly-FlexLinerWarranty

Alternatives to Landfilling

EPA Bioremediation Field Initiative:
EPA BioRemedFieldInitiative30006AQE

EPA, “Technology Alternatives for the Remediation of PCB Contaminated Soils and Sediments,” EPA/600/S-13/079:
EPATECHALTREMEDPCBSP100GJNO

U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN) Bioremediation:
EPACLU-IN Bioremediation

International Centre for Soil and Contaminated Sites MANUAL FOR BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES:
MANUALFORBIOLOGICALREMEDIATION

EPA Superfund Remedy Report, Fourteenth Edition:
EPASuperfundRemRev14th2013Nov

EPA Fact Sheet on Phytotechnologies for Cleanups:
EPAphytotechnologiesfactsheet

“The PCB Challenge – Is there a better way to clean contaminated sediments?” Barbara Hesselgrave:
PCB_Challenge

Dr, Ghosh 2015 Excellence in Environmental Engineering and Science™ Competition Winner
AAES Ghosh 2015 Award In Situ